Hepatic Steatosis commonly known as the fatty liver is a condition when fats build up in the liver. The excessive fat in the liver causes liver inflammation which interferes with its normal functioning.
Steatosis is of two types: Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) & Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Non- alcoholic steatohepatitis, is a potentially serious form of the disease which is marked by liver inflammation. It may progress to scarring & irreversible damage (similar to damage caused due to excess alcohol consumption.) At its most serious, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis can progress to cirrhosis & liver failure. This condition can occur at any age, but especially in people in their 40s or 50s.
Non -alcoholic fatty liver usually causes no sign or symptoms. It may cause, fatigue & pain in the upper right abdomen on becoming serious. Due to NAFLD, there is enlargement of the liver which can be identified from the abdominal ultrasound.
On the other hand, alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused due to heavy alcohol consumption. The liver is responsible for breaking down the alcohol & remove it from the system, during this process harmful substances get generated. These substances can damage the liver cells, promote inflammation & weaken the immunity.
Symptoms like abdominal swelling, enlargement of blood vessels just beneath the skin surface, enlargement of breast in men, enlargement of spleen, yellowing of skin & eyes, etc are observed under serious liver damage.
Obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, high fat intake, dyslipidemia(especially high Triglycerides), alcohol consumption, liver infection (eg hepatitis C), metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, sleep apneas, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism(underactive pituitary gland)
Tips to correct fatty liver:
1. Limit or avoid alcohol (based on how much severe is the condition)
2. Lose weight
3. Limit on salt & sugar
4. Dietary modification – reduce refined products, sugar, junk, etc
5. Incorporate a variety of seasonal fruits & vegetables in diet along with whole grains & healthy fat.
6. Superfoods for healthy liver – garlic, omega 3 fatty acids, broccoli, walnuts, ginger, etc
7. Physical activity
Foods to be avoided:
– Excessive consumption of sugar, salt
– Alcohol – Bakery products
– Fried/ junk food
– Refined food
– Red meat
– Flavored beverages
– Packaged & processed foods
Foods to include:
– MUFA rich diet
– Whey protein
– Green tea
– Soluble fibers
– Berries & Lime
Supplements that may help (not to be taken without proper guidance from qualified nutritionist or the physician):
– Milk thistle
– Omega 3 fatty acid
To cure fatty liver do visit the best nutritionist in Delhi today.