Nutrition Plan for Vitiligo
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder that is an acquired pigmentary, long-term skin disorder marked by skin depigmentation.
Its true aetiology is unknown, however it is thought to be caused by a lack of functioning melanocytes (cells that produces dark pigment melanin in the skin).
Autoimmune disorders, viral infections, genetic, neurological, and oxidative stress all have a part in vitiligo.
According to the studies, there is no such diet that has entirely demonstrated a beneficial reaction to completely alleviate the illness. A nutritious diet, on the other hand, is recommended for everyone who has or is at risk of developing vitiligo since it boosts the body’s immunity.
What are the Vitiligo Nutritional Triggers?
- Increased ingestion of omega-6 fatty acids at the expense of omega-3 fatty acids, resulting in increased production of oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory cytokines.
- Low Vitamin D levels have been documented in Vitiligo patients. –
Vitamin D is often known as the “sunshine vitamin.” Over the years, it has been demonstrated that vitamin D helps to boost immunity and is also known to minimise auto immune disease.
- Higher Magnesium levels were detected in Vitiligo patients – This disease is caused by the re absorption of magnesium from the kidneys in the intestines as a result of elevated Parathyroid hormone due to a lack of Vitamin D, limiting antioxidant synthesis.
- The Role of Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid in Vitiligo – Vitamin B12 and folic acid are key cofactors for the enzyme homocysteine methyltransferase, which converts homocystein to methionine.
- Low zinc levels in vitiigo patients – Zinc, along with other micronutrients such as cobalt, copper, iron, nickel, manganese, and calcium, plays a key role in melanocyte development.
- Excessive Nickel Consumption – Because nickel is removed from the body through perspiration, consuming high concentrations of nickel found in most quick teas/green tea, chocolate, wheat, and roasted salted cashews can induce cutaneous creactions.
- Consuming more grilled meat raises the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and carcinogens.
HOW DOES NUTRITION AFFECT VITILIGO?
Gluten-free diet: Wheat, rye, and barley are gluten-rich grains.
Some people have an unfavourable reaction to gluten, causing gut inflammation and symptoms such as bloating, stomach pain, and diarrhoea. Celiac disease is the medical term for this ailment. Patients with vitiligo are more likely to develop celiac disease.
The elimination of gluten from the diet has aided in the improvement of gut health.
The only way to treat celiac disease is to avoid gluten, which can be found in soups, bread, salad dressings, sauces, phulka, paratha, and other foods.
Vitamin B12 supplementation: Vitamin B12 deficiency is frequent in vitiligo patients. Vitamin B12 deficiency is a prevalent cause of pernicious anaemia, an inflammatory disease. This is caused by partial gastric cell breakdown in the stomach. These cells are known to play a critical role in the production of the protein intrinsic factor, which aids in the absorption of Vitamin B12 from the stomach into the blood. Because several of the genes that cause pernicious anaemia also cause vitiligo, vitiligo patients are likely to be Vitamin B12 deficient. As a result, vitiligo patients must take B12 supplements.
Vitamin D, popularly known as the “Sunshine vitamin,” is inadequate in most people. It has been discovered that most vitiligo patients are also weak in Vitamin D levels. Improving vitamin D levels is beneficial to vitiligo patients’ overall health.
Quercitin: It has anti-inflammatory qualities and aids in the formation of total melanin. These are abundant in onion and apple. This aids in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide cell death. Onions, which are high in thiols, aid in antioxidant qualities against superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, and single oxygen.
Omega-3 rich foods: Dietary forms of omega-3, such as fish oil, have been demonstrated to ameliorate symptoms in 6 months. Thymoquinone, the primary component of Nigella sativa seeds, protects cells from oxidative damage. This increases the action of acetylecholien, which induces melanin secretion and skin darkening by stimulating chlorogenic receptors. The inclusion of Alpha linolenic acid and stearidonic acid improves immunological response, particularly in T cells. On the other hand, the omega-3 fatty acids included in fish oil help to prevent skin problems by avoiding skin dryness and scaling. Furthermore, it aids in the faster recovery of skin problems. It also has anti-inflammatory qualities due to the presence of EPH and DHA. Another advantage of fish is the presence of vitamin E, which is a powerful antioxidant that helps to protect against free radical damage. It also aids in the breakdown of fatty acids and the overall health of the hair and skin.
Pepper powder: Piperine, found in pepper, has been demonstrated to enhance skin pigmentation. Pepper consumption or application of peperine ointment has been demonstrated to improve symptoms in vitiligo patients by 20%. The healing pattern was referred to as diffuse pigmentation, which occurred as a result of piperine’s significant anti-oxidant potential.
Turmeric has significant anti-oxidant characteristics due to the key component Cucurmin, which is a polyphenol in turmeric. It has anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal effects. It has a history of causing numerous skin problems. This, together with phototherapy, has been shown to help treat vitiligo.
Foods with a high total antioxidant capacity:
Antioxidants are known to inhibit the activity of ROS, and therapy will not only aid in the treatment of autoimmune disease, but will also be useful in the treatment of vitiligo. Antioxidants such as artichoke, broccoli, bell peppers, walnut, plum, strewberry, cranberries, and others are useful.
Probiotics are important because microbes and microbial metabolites aid in the treatment of immunity. It also aided in the generation of more T cells, which aids in the prevention of auto immune illnesses.
Importance of Vitamin C: Vitamin C is vital for skin health because it can increase kerinocyte differentiation and decrease melanin formation, resulting in antioxidant defence against damaging UV-induced photo damage. Vitamin C is essential for healthy skin because it plays numerous roles in the skin, including the production of the skin barrier and collagen in the dermis.
Citrus fruits such as orange, kiwi, and sweet lime are high in vitamin C.
Supplementation with minerals such as zinc and copper: Another area of vitiligo research is the role of supplementation with minerals such as zinc and copper.
It is essential for growth and development, immunomodulation, wound healing, behaviour, and taste.
Vitamin E: Vitamin E supplementation aids in peroxidation.
Hazelnuts, peanuts, almonds, sunflower seeds, and other vitamin E-rich foods are common.
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