On November 14th, the world celebrates World COPD Day to raise awareness about this condition. COPD, which stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a disorder that can be managed but not cured. This is a very common condition in India, where more than 10 million cases are found. Controlling this condition will be easier with a healthy lifestyle, medication, and nutrition. This is a group of lung disease that blocks air flows and make it difficult to breathe. The most frequent illnesses that makeup COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD causes irreversible lung damage. Shortness of breath, wheezing, and a persistent cough are all symptoms.
Metabolism refers to the process of converting food into fuel in the body. The input elements for the process are oxygen and food, while the final products are energy and carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a waste product that we expel when we breathe. A proper vitamin balance in your diet will help you breathe easier. Carbohydrate metabolism produces the most carbon dioxide per unit of oxygen consumed; fat metabolism produces the least. Some persons with COPD find that eating a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates makes it easier to breathe.
A low-carbohydrate diet reduces carbon dioxide generation. This could help people with COPD manage their health better. The ketogenic diet resulted in decreased carbon dioxide emission and carbon dioxide end-tidal partial pressure (PETCO2) than the Mediterranean diet. Furthermore, a 2003 study found that persons with COPD who took a high-fat, low-carb supplement instead of consuming a high-carb diet improved.
Include carbs in your diet, but choose complex carbs. These meals are high in fibre, which aids with digestive system function and blood sugar regulation. Fruits and vegetables include a lot of vitamins, minerals, and fibre. These nutrients will aid in the maintenance of your body’s wellness. Non-starchy vegetables (all except peas, potatoes, and corn) are low in carbs, therefore they can be included in all diets.
Potassium is essential for lung function therefore a potassium deficit might induce breathing problems. Consume potassium-rich foods such as Avocados, dark leafy greens, tomatoes, asparagus, beets, potato, bananas and oranges. Potassium-rich foods can be especially beneficial if your dietitian or doctor has prescribed a diuretic medication. Instead of fried foods, choose fat-containing snacks and meals such as avocados, almonds, seeds, coconut and coconut oil, olives and olive oil, fatty fish, and cheese if you want to follow a higher fat diet. In the long run, these meals will supply more total nourishment.
Eating a higher fat, lower carb diet does not imply avoiding all carbohydrates; rather, it requires selecting the proper carbohydrates. To aid your digestive system, choose complex carbs that are high in fibre. This includes the bran, lentils, quinoa, oats, skinned potatoes, and barley. Simple carbs have low nutritional value in general. Examine the labels and avoid foods that include sugar, corn syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, glucose, fructose, and sucrose. This comprises a wide range of processed meats such as packaged snacks and cereals, as well as white bread and pasta.
Fruits and vegetables, whether flash-frozen or fresh, are essential for a COPD-friendly diet. These high-fibre meals also supply critical nutrients such as vitamin A (which has been related to reducing COPD symptoms), minerals, and anti-inflammatory antioxidants. Even better, fruit rarely necessitates time-consuming preparation. If you don’t have much time, buy pre-cut veggies that are easy to steam, or vegetables that can be defrosted and reheated.
Beans, peas, and other legumes are high-fibre foods that also include zinc, an important mineral in a well-balanced COPD diet. According to research, getting enough zinc may help ease COPD symptoms. The daily zinc intake for men is 11 milligrams (mg) and for women is 8 mg; a half-cup of chickpeas contains 1.3 mg.
Some COPD patients may have a low body mass index (BMI), which is an indication of inadequate nutrition and puts them at a higher risk of death. It is critical to eat enough calories each day to maintain a healthy weight. You may need to consume more high-calorie healthy foods, such as nuts and nut butter, which are especially good if chewing is tough. Creamy dressings and sauces are high in calories but high in saturated fat. Consult a nutritionist to determine the proper balance for your specific health needs.
There is some evidence that vitamin D deficiency contributes to and worsens COPD symptoms. The body produces vitamin D from sunlight, but you may not be getting enough of it to meet your needs. Choose vitamin D-fortified meals, as well as fatty seafood like salmon, mackerel, and tuna.
COPD’s respiratory issues can make you feel thirsty. Staying hydrated helps relax phlegm, making mucus easier to cough up (protecting you from infection) and keeping tissues throughout your body (particularly your airways) more supple. Make sure you drink enough water throughout the day. Water is a wonderful choice, as are healthy beverages, soups, and the majority of fruits. Avoid soda, which includes empty calories.
High sodium or salt intake produces water retention, which might impair your ability to breathe. Remove the salt shaker off the table and refrain from using salt in your cooking. Instead, flavour your food using unsalted herbs and spices.
Because of their fermentable carbohydrates, apples, stone fruits such as apricots and peaches, and melons may induce bloating and gas in certain people. People with COPD may experience respiratory difficulties as a result of this. Fried, deep-fried, or oily foods can produce gas and indigestion. Spiced foods might also cause discomfort and interfere with your breathing. When at all possible, avoid these foods.
Consult a certified nutritionist before adopting any random plan. Visit us at the QUA Nutrition Clinic to get a customized diet plan.